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Gestational diabetes or gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), according to the criteria of the World Health Organization (WHO) and the American Diabetes Association (ADA), is defined as glucose intolerance diagnosed for the first time during pregnancy.
The prevalence of GDM is highly variable depending on the population studied and also depending on the screening threshold used.
However, it is a common condition: in European populations, the prevalence of GDM is around 3 to 6% of all pregnancies.
The activities of the Division for Therapeutic Education for Chronic Diseases are primarily aimed at those with diabetes or obesity, with the purpose of preventing the medical and psychosocial complications of these conditions.
The ultimate purpose of the Division's medical activities is to teach patients how to manage their chronic diseases in the long term, in order to improve quality of life, autonomy and treatment compliance.
Endocrinology is the medical specialty studying all endocrine glands, i.e. the glands appended to an organ or entirely independent from it, which produces substances that it releases into the blood: hormones.
Diabetology is the branch of medicine, more specifically than endocrinology, that is dedicated to the study of diabetes, i.e. overabundant urination, as well as diagnosing, treating and monitoring diabetic patients.