Cancer

Cancer Center

Mission

Mission of the Cancer Center

The Cancer Center, formerly called the Oncology Center, was created in 2012 as one of the HUG Centers of Excellence
Its mission is to connect the different medical divisions dealing with medical and surgical cancer care in order to pool the manifold skills available.

For each type of cancer, the Cancer Center has set up tumour boards and specialized cancer treatment centers.

In the tumour boards, dedicated multidisciplinary expert teams discuss patient cases. Their mission is to provide the best therapeutic strategy for every patient and to ensure, within the hospital, the most personalized treatment each patient needs.

The specialized centers mission is to provide optimal quality and to organize the best care at each step in the treatment program. Some of these centers (breast center and prostate cancer center) received formal accreditation from external official organizations.

More Personalized Oncology Care by using Artificial Intelligence

Tumor board to discuss clinical situations and treatments for cancer patients

The Geneva University Hospitals (HUG) is first European university hospital to utilize IBM’s artificial intelligence (AI) technology to help uncover therapeutic options for cancer patients. This AI tool, Watson for Genomics®, enables oncologists to provide patients with more personalized, evidence-based cancer care.

Why Artificial Intelligence in Oncology ?

Pleural tumors (mesothelioma)

Malignant mesothelioma is a rare cancer that mostly affects men. It is a primary cancer (the starting point of the cancer) that develops in the pleura. Exposure to asbestos, often associated with smoking, stimulates its appearance. Mesothelioma takes a long time to appear after exposure to asbestos (latency). It can sometimes take up to twenty years.

Lung infections

Treatment of lung infections is based on the administration of antibiotics for bacterial infections (pneumonia), or antifungals for mycotic infections (aspergillosis). Under certain conditions, such as antibiotic resistance, surgery may be necessary to remove the diseased part.

Three types of lung infections are commonly treated by the Thoracic and Endocrine Surgery Division: 

Lung diseases

Lung diseases are a major specialty of the Thoracic and Endocrine Surgery Division, including cancers, infectious diseases, pneumothorax, bronchiectasis and emphysema. Lung surgery is one of the main focuses of the Division.

The lungs oxygenate blood that comes from the heart (upon inhalation) and expel carbon dioxide (upon exhalation). The action of the respiratory muscles on the lungs produces inhalation and exhalation.

Thyroid cancers

Thyroid cancer affects the cells of the thyroid gland. The increase in the number of diagnosed cases is largely due to improved screening and more systematic removal of suspicious nodules. Thyroid cancers affect more women than men. Exposure to ionizing radiation during  childhood (radioactivity, X-rays) is a risk factor, as is iodine deficiency. There are several types of thyroid cancer: differentiated, anaplastic and medullary.

Pages