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These measures limit personal freedom in order to protect the person from themselves and/or from third-party exploitation. The choice of action belongs to the civil judge, and must respect the principle of proportionality.
The new law recognizes the following measures (from the least restrictive to the most limiting):
Note that the first three types of guardianship could be interchangeable. Also note that the notion of trusteeship disappears, except for minors with no parental authority.