What is Patients As Partners?

HUG “Patients as Partners” relationship model

Sylvie Touveneau, leader of the Patients as Partners project

Context
A mutual recognition
What is the partnership model for the HUG?
Who is the patient partner?
Who are the other partners?
Conclusions

Context

With nearly 60,000 hospitalizations and 100,000 consultations in 2015, the partnership with the HUG is a shared concern.Collaboration with patients and caregivers in discussions, decisions, and actions related to their care becomes essential (FOPH Health Policy: Priorities of the Federal Council/Health Report 2020, January 23, 2013). The partnership is expressed through a change in the relationship, favoring a close collaboration between patients, their caregivers, and professionals. This approach has already been successfully adopted at the HUG in several sectors.As part of the 20/20 strategy, the “Patients as Partners” program is one of the key measures for improving quality of services. The goal is to promote this relationship model at each step of patient care, in all care specialties, as well as in areas such as hospitality, teaching, or governance.The brainchild of a team of multidisciplinary professionals and patients, the conceptual framework of the partnership is the first step of this project. It will be the tool for identifying areas and developing actions, for which patients and caregivers are recognized as stakeholders in the healthcare sector.It should be noted that the project team, which initially focused on care outcomes, subsequently integrated representatives from other areas of activity outside of healthcare.

A mutual recognition

Promotion of the HUG “Patients as Partners” model involves a paradigm shift. Today, the relationship mode is still too often paternalistic (The “Montreal model”: the challenges of a partnership relationship between patients and health professionals). Under the pressure of patients, increasingly well informed, and health professionals themselves, it moves towards a relationship based on trust, listening, dialog, mutual respect, and shared decision making. Everyone has their place and role in the same team.This development requires a repositioning of roles: the patient knows better than anyone what their symptoms are and how they experience these symptoms. Their view of the hospital and its services is that of a client. We can only treat the patient and make progress with them. The professional, for their part, no longer makes decisions alone, but instead seeks to collaborate with the patient.The partnership is consequently based on respect of the other, on a reciprocal recognition of skills and knowledge and of the experience of each partner. This synergy of the expertise of different stakeholders enables care and hospital stays to be improved.

A broad spectrum cooperation

In this collaborative context, patients are given legitimacy in their position as “stakeholders in health,” which most often (but not solely) materializes as “stakeholder in their own health.”In some cases, patients and their caregivers develop knowledge about the disease and decide to share this knowledge with other patients (through mentoring, speaking at a medical or association conference, etc.). In other cases, they are led to share their experience for the benefit of professionals (role play with medical students, colleague in a health care team, etc.) or even to join bodies to give their opinions. The spectrum of the partnership is indeed broad and opportunities to be a “stakeholder in the healthcare system” are growing quickly (participation in associations, lobbying in parliament, focus groups, inclusion in management committees, etc.).

What is the partnership model for the HUG?

Since cooperation between patients and professionals can be embodied in different ways, the partnership approach encouraged at the HUG aims to be flexible.The diagram below illustrates this dynamic, multi-dimensional process:

 

domaines d’activités

Components of the partnership

The degree of involvement, personal capabilities, and the area of activity concerned are all elements that influence the nature of the partnership. However, the “recipe” can be adjusted depending on situations and given moments. The components of the collaboration are combined over the course of the relationship and do not necessary follow a specific order.

  • Identifying the meeting situation: the patient, the caregiver, and the professional may have many opportunities to cooperate. Some examples: reception of a patient, the professionals who introduce themselves, announcing a diagnosis, a shared decision, the care agenda, participation in clinical research, improving the comfort of patients and caregivers.
  • Evaluating the degree of involvement: based on the patient's needs and capabilities (Food for Thought, Portraits of Patients in 2024, FM), they can be involved in different ways. The type and degree of involvement varies, in particular based on their health status and their desire to enter into the relationship.How does the patient partner get involved?
  •  Analyzing the problems and the needs: the commitment of the partners, in an action that makes sense for each one, makes it possible to define the strategy. Consideration of individual factors such as age, culture, gender, behavior toward the disease, expectations in terms of communication, as well as other contextual economic factors and policies supplement this analysis.
  • Mobilizing resources: whether at reception, during a consultation or a focus group, this involves mobilizing the skills, knowledge and aptitudes of patients and caregivers to express themselves, listen, decide, and/or act.Their ability to communicate, as well as their abilities to express their needs, fears and observations, must also be recognized.
  • Creating a climate of trust: so that patients feel fully entitled to freely express themselves and to share aspects of their experience, professionals have the responsibility of creating a climate of trust conducive to the partnership. They are driven by values of empathy and mutual respect shared between partners. They use tools such as active listening and legitimization to practice participatory communication.

Who is the patient partner?

For health professionals, the patient partner is a patient, patient expert, patient citizen, and a peer practitioner. The same person can embody these different roles at different moments in their care pathway.

  • The patient is a person whose physical and/or mental health requires the intervention of health professionals in order to recover their health.
  • The patient expert shares their knowledge about the disease and treatments. This expertise acquired from experience with the disease and the hospital allows patients to develop an authentic partnership with professionals, to discuss or even question certain practices (Grimaldi, A. (2010). Les différents habits de l’ « expert profane » [The different roles of the “lay expert”]. Les tribunes de la santé, 2(27), 91-100). They are very well positioned to evaluate the quality of services and to identify potential improvements adapted to their needs. This shared experience may take place with other patient experts and in all areas of activities such as care, governance, hospitality, or communication.
  • The patient citizen is involved in health policies, even in the development and revision of public health laws. The patient citizen demonstrates civic commitment and rallies around topics related to health.
  • The peer practitioner is a person who has already experienced the disease and its treatment and who shares their experience with a “novice” patient, in order to support this patient. At this stage, the patient turned peer practitioner is able to take a step back and conceptualize from their experience. Peer practitioners receive certification training (Ecole d’études sociales et pédagogiques Lausanne [Lausanne School of Social and Pedagogical Studies], Haute école de travail social et de la santé Vaud [Vaud Higher School of Social Work and Health], Certificate of Peer Practitioners in Mental Health), on key aspects of a helping relationship (active listening, ethical principles of support, etc.) and supervision by qualified professionals.

The patient partner works with professionals to seek solutions adapted to problems concerning their health and their care plan or issues of health strategy. Certain conditions are necessary for this participation, such as patient-accessible quality information and an environment suitable for the expression of their experience, needs, and expectations.

Who are the other partners?

Beside the patient, other people may be involved in the partnership relationship at one time or another.

  • The caregiver, family caregiver, support person, third party, or therapeutic representative and often friends and family members of patients. They may take the patient’s place - with the patient’s explicit agreement or in case of physical/psychological disability - and therefore be partners. They are emotional and social supports, but they also contribute to the patient’s care and to the improvement of the quality of the hospital. Guardians and trustees are included in this category.
  • Associations: the role of patient associations is to break the isolation caused by the disease and to make known or recognize often little-known conditions. The patient association is gradually becoming a partner for physicians and healthcare institutions.

How does the patient partner get involved?

The nature and level of involvement varies depending on the moment or the patient’s situation. The patient can get involved at all levels of the institution, spontaneously or in response to an invitation, and intervene in care processes or societal issues.

  • Presence: patients and their caregivers participate through their presence and their listening and meetings with professionals, at conferences, symposiums, etc.
  • Expression/deliberation: patients and their caregivers express themselves in various ways (oral, written, art and social media). They are encouraged to participate in discussions related to patient care and to play an active role (Advancing Effective Communication, Cultural, Competence, and Patient).
  • Decision making: patients and their caregivers share in decisions about them. They work together to identify the most reasonable care in a given context, while respecting their values and preferences.
  • Action: patients and their caregivers act in a practical way. They are encouraged to get informed, to get involved, to express themselves, and to be active in the different areas of activity (Advancing Effective Communication, Cultural, Competence, and Patient).

Conclusions

Far from a narrow standardized approach, the proposed HUG Patients as Partners design is flexible, to embrace the diversity of situations. It focuses on the variability of relationship dynamics and possibilities for application. This openness and this design flexibility directly encourage professionals, from all fields of activity, to engage in this approach. They allow creative and “tailor-made” forms of collaboration.Promotion of the HUG Patients as Partners design is undoubtedly a way to enhance the participatory approaches undertaken by the professionals of the HUG. It also allows the transition from a traditional relationship approach toward a partnership approach to be assessed.

By committing to such an approach, professionals contribute to an open relationship and improved communication. Finally, the actions implemented create meaning and humanity for the patient.

Download the Patients as Partners brochure

More information

Last update : 11/02/2019