Diseases

Diseases of the thymus

The thymus is a gland located in front of the trachea. Its primary role is during growth when it provides the body with immune cells. It subsequently has no function and decreases in volume until disappearing almost completely in adulthood.

Myasthenia, a disease associated with the thymus, is a neurological disorder that prevents the respiratory muscles from functioning.

Thoracic trauma

Thoracic trauma is an injury to the chest wall and organs inside the rib cage following a collision, accident or physical exertion. It can be penetrating (open) or internal (closed) and cause injuries to several organs: the heart, great vessels, lungs, esophagus, trachea, etc. In cases of chest trauma, life-threatening injuries are treated first.

Chest deformities

These deformities vary in severity and may be present at birth or occur during growth. There are essentially two kinds of chest deformity:  pectus excavatum (hollow chest) and pectus carinatum (protruding chest). Usually, the resulting discomfort or disability is primarily aesthetic and psychological.

Mediastinal diseases

The mediastinum is the central part of the rib cage, located between the two lungs. It is divided into three sections: the posterior, middle and anterior mediastinum. It includes the heart, great vessels, esophagus and trachea, as well as the thymus.

Lung diseases

Lung diseases are a major specialty of the Thoracic and Endocrine Surgery Division, including cancers, infectious diseases, pneumothorax, bronchiectasis and emphysema. Lung surgery is one of the main focuses of the Division.

The lungs oxygenate blood that comes from the heart (upon inhalation) and expel carbon dioxide (upon exhalation). The action of the respiratory muscles on the lungs produces inhalation and exhalation.

Adrenal cancer

Adrenal cancer, also called adrenocortical carcinoma, is a malignant tumor in the adrenal gland. It can be very large.

It often manifests with the symptoms of Cushing disease (swollen face, skin manifestations, weight gain, loss of muscle mass, hirsutism, etc.) due to excessive secretion of corticosteroid hormones.

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