Atherosclerosis: A Chronic Disease

What is atherosclerosis?

It is a condition that affects all arteries of the human body and it evolves over decades, beginning in the teenage years. It is characterized by the accumulation of fat in the artery walls - forming atherosclerotic plaques - which leads to the narrowing of the arteries.


When atherosclerosis affects the arteries of the brain, it can lead to stroke.

Diabetes mellitus

Diabetes mellitusDiabetes is characterized by an elevated blood glucose level (fasting glucose > 7mmol/l, 11.1 mmol/l after a meal). A high blood glucose level damages artery walls. As a consequence, people with diabetes have a 2 to 4 times increased risk of developing cardiovascular disease.