Metabolic Syndrome

Evaluate your cardiovascular risk

See Automatic cardiovascular risk calculator

7 Cardiovascular Risk Factors

Evaluate your cardiovascular risk using the interactive fresco

Evaluate your cardiovascular risk - interactive fresco

How do your analysis results, for each risk factor, compare to normal values?
Adjust each cursor according to the corresponding normal values.

Identification of Particularly Risky Situations

  • Coronary artery disease/known or established atherosclerosis
  • Diabetes
    All diabetic patients are considered to be particularly at risk, and this even though in the case of well balanced type I diabetes with no secondary complications, the cardiovascular risk is only slightly higher than in the non-diabetic population.
  • Familial hyperlipidemia (hypercholesterolemia)
  • Metabolic syndrome - Diagnostic criteria for metabolic syndrome:
    • At least three of the following criteria have to be filled: 
    • Waist circumference > 102 cm for men, > 88 cm for women 
    • Fasting triglycerides = 1.7 mmol/l
    • HDL-cholesterol <1.0 mmol/l for men, <1.3 mmol/l for women
    • Systolic blood pressure = 130 mm Hg and/or diastolic blood pressure = 85 mm Hg
    • Fasting blood glucose = 6.1 mmol/l (= 5.6 mmol/l according to the ADA (American Diabetes Association))

Normal values

  • Blood pressure : Less than 140/90 mm Hg 
    If diabetic: less than 135/85 mm Hg 
  • Glycemia (blood sugar) (normal) : Fasting : between 4 and 5.5 mmol/l, 2h after a meal (post prandial): less than 7.7 mmol/l 
    If diabetic: fasting: between 5.6 and 6.8 mmol/l, 2h after a meal (post prandial): between 7.8 and 11 mmol/l 
  • Lipids
    • LDL-cholesterol:
      • High risk patients³ (> 20%): < 2.6 mmol/l (If you have had a heart attack or have atherosclerosis, you are in a high risk category) 
      • Intermediate risk patients (10 - 20%): < 3.4 mmol/l
      • Low risk patients (> 10%): < 4.1 mmol/l
      • Patients with no cardiovascular risk factors: 4.9 mmol/l
    • Triglycerides
      • TG > 1.7 mmol/l: treatment if diabetes or metabolic syndrome. 
      • TG > 5.0 mmol/l: treatment in all cases 
      • TG > 10.0 mmol/l (VI): Main objective: avoid acute pancreatitis, consultation with lipid specialist
    • HDL-cholesterol
      • If levels are low: increase levels of HDL-cholesterol (no target levels) by improving lifestyle: abstinence from tobacco, physical exercise, weight loss if overweight or obese.
  • Obesity
    • Obesity: BMI above 30 kg/m2 
    • Overweight: BMI between 25-30 kg/m2
    • Waist circumference
      Should be less than 102 cm for men, 88 cm for women
  • Sedentary lifestyle
    A sedentary person is someone who has less than 30 minutes of moderately intense physical activity per day (e.g., rapid walking)
  • Cigarette smoking
    Smoker or non-smoker
  • Stress
    Difficult to evaluate normal level
Last update : 29/01/2019