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Cushing syndrome refers to all diseases that result in an increase in the level of cortisol in the blood (including when taking medication with cortisone) and the resulting symptoms (swollen face, skin manifestations, weight gain, loss of muscle mass, hirsutism, etc.).
If the syndrome is caused by an adrenal nodule (an often benign tumor), the disease is treated by surgical removal of the adrenal gland. A minimally invasive technique (laparoscopic removal) is used most often.
Learn more: The Endocrinology Unit at the HUG